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Anterolisthesis Medical Definition
Anterolisthesis - This is an abnormal alignment of bones in the spine and usually affects the lower back.
It occurs when an upper vertebra slips in front of the one below.
The amount of slippage is graded on a scale from 1 to 4. Grade 1 is mild (20% slippage), while grade 4 is severe (100% slippage).
Symptoms can vary depending on whether the slippage is enough to pinch the nerve roots (the portion of the nerve that leaves the spinal cord to connect to other parts of the body) that go from the spinal cord to other parts of the body. In this case, the symptoms will differ depending on where the affected area is.
Symptoms can involve movement or problems feeling sensations (such as heat, cold, pain, position in space), loss of control of bowels or bladder, pain, and poor posture.
- The slippage often occurs as a result of bone fractures.
- A doctor will take the patient's medical history and do a physical exam, including checking the patient's reflexes.
- X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will also show the slippage.
- Treatment options include interbody fusion and surgical instrumentation techniques.